Red Manhood Protection From Cold Weather

Now that cold weather is blowing through, winter is definitely here. While even warm weather aficionados can find some things about the cold they like (hot chocolate, roaring fires, an excuse to stay inside and binge watch), it’s equally true that even cold weather fans can find drawbacks. And for men, that includes getting a red manhood from freezing temperatures and bitter icy winds. Finding ways to keep the member sufficiently warm during these winter months is part of good male organ care.

Red manhood

Now, there’s usually nothing wrong with a red manhood. Men who are fair-skinned tend to get a red manhood when it becomes firm, as the blood rushing into the engorged member causes a change in coloration. But sometimes a red manhood can signal a problem, such as being far too cold.

Anyone who has ever jumped into a pool of cold water has witnessed a cold red manhood � and one that is usually shriveled. But when the male organ is exposed to extreme cold temperatures for a prolonged time, it may actually get a little swollen and can experience extreme pain.

In some severe cases, a red manhood may be an indication of frostbite (or frostnip, an early stage condition of frostbite). Frostbite is accompanied by a numbness (lack of feeling or deadened feeling), swelling, blistering and fever, although not all men may experience all of these symptoms. If a man suspects he has a frostbitten member or other body part, he should seek medical attention. Severe frostbite can destroy tissue and in extreme cases may lead to amputation.

Keeping warm

To help fight that winter cold, there are several ways to keep the manhood warm during the winter.

�Don’t go commando. First and foremost, men who habitually walk around without underwear should suspend that habit when venturing out into winter weather. The cold weather can be too dangerous to male organ health, no matter how nice the feeling of freedom may be.

�Stand in front of a fire. Spending a few minutes in front of a fireplace can help warm up a member so it withstands the cold better during its first minutes outside.

�Give the member a rub. Similarly, taking a couple of minutes to rub and massage the manhood before tackling the cold can be beneficial. This will get the blood circulating and help deflect the initial cold.

�Tuck it in. If he is only going to be outside for a few minutes, a guy can try tucking his manhood between his legs for extra warmth. However, since it will pop out relatively quickly, this is a very short term solution.

�Layer up. Doubling up on underwear is strongly advised. Just as a guy may wear a shirt, sweater and coat to combat the cold, so should he consider wearing more than one pair of underwear. The bottom layer should be tight briefs, an athletic supporter or compression shorts, each of which will fit the male organ more snugly.

�Go thermal. It can also help to wear thermal underwear, which may add an extra layer of warmth to the region.

�Investigate wind briefs. Many runners wear wind briefs, specially designed underwear with an extra layer of protection in the midsection.

�Wear a member warmer. A man can invest in an actual knitted member warmer � or simply wear a (clean) sock over the organ when temperatures get frosty.

Taking steps to prevent a red manhood due to cold weather pays off. So does taking steps to ensure overall male organ health, such as regularly applying a top drawer male organ health crme (health professionals recommend Man1 Man Oil, which is clinically proven mild and safe for skin). For best results, a guy should select a crme that is going to �cover all the bases� by including the major vitamins necessary for member health promotion � A, B5, C, D and E. In addition, the crme should include L-arginine, an amino acid which helps manhood blood vessels expand so they can accommodate a greater flow of blood.

Talking To A Friend About Member Health

Guys love to talk about everything and anything, but they seem to have serious problems talking about member health. Since good male organ care is so important to a man’s health, sense of well-being and sensual satisfaction, it stands to reason that a guy would be more than ready to talk about it; however, that’s not the case. So how can a man get to the point of feeling comfortable with talking about the equipment with another guy?

Fortunately, there are lots of good answers to that. Here are a few.

1.Look for friends who are open-minded. Everybody knows how it works; some friends are those that keep their feelings close to the vest and never say much of anything, but there are others that start talking about sensuality and everything related as soon as they open their mouths. It’s those latter friends that a guy might be tempted to talk to about member health, but don’t discount the quiet ones. They are the deep thinkers who might have some valuable insights. The idea is to find someone who is open-minded enough to know that talking about member health is simply a matter of daily life, just like male organ care is.

2.Choose the right time to talk. Two guys working hard on a construction site might not have the time or the inclination to talk about male organ bumps or rashes. But two men sitting over a few cold beers might be more likely to discuss all matters below the belt. Wait until a chosen friend seems to be quite relaxed and talkative.

3.Broach the subject carefully. Don’t just jump into the discussion, as that might get all kinds of side-eye. Instead, frame the situation as a story of sorts. �So the other night, I was getting ready to go out on a date with that hot girl and I looked down in the shower and saw these weird red marks on my male organ.� That’s going to get the friend’s attention, because this is a situation that he might know very well, and who doesn’t want to help out a friend with their dating issues?

4.Back off if necessary. No matter how open a guy seems to be, if he tenses up and closes off when member health is brought up in any way, it’s time to back off. He’s not ready to talk about it, and might never be. But at least now it’s clear, and a man with questions can look to some of his other friends for advice.

5.Return the favor. If a man is open to talking about member health, he’s likely open to talking about his own problems as well. So when he does mention something like that, drop everything and focus on what he’s saying. This is the kind of discussion that strengthens and solidifies a great friendship, so it deserves full attention.

6.Say �thank you.� Sometimes a guy might talk about manhood health even though he’s not really comfortable with it, just as a way to help make his buddy feel better. Whether or not that’s the case, don’t forget to thank that listening friend � profusely! �You’ve really set my mind at ease, man. Thank you so much!� is a great way to make him feel valued and helpful.

Speaking of helpful, a man can help ensure the best manhood health by using a specially formulated member health crme (health professionals recommend Man 1 Man Oil, which is clinically proven mild and safe for skin). A crme that contains a wealth of nutrients, such as vitamin A to fight odor and vitamin C for overall health, is great. Other important ingredients include Shea butter and vitamin E, both of which provide hydration that leaves skin smooth, supple and ready for action.

tips on improving manhood sensitivity

There has been a debate raging over the past few decades about the common practice of circumcision for infant boys. Those who promote the practice believe it leads to better hygiene later in life. But those who are against it point out that the loss of prepuce can mean significant loss of sensation. Even the best male organ care might not be enough to allow a circumcised man to feel the intense sensations that uncircumcised men do.

But besides the desire to improve manhood sensitivity, many see prepuce restoration as a good way to right the �wrong’ done to those who are circumcised long before they are old enough to make the decision for themselves. There are several ways to go about prepuce restoration; we’ll talk about some of the most popular, as well as what a man can expect from manhood sensitivity if he chooses to go this route.

Prepuce restoration options

Ultimately, there are two options for restoration: Surgical and non-surgical. The surgical route involves grafting tissues from other parts of the body, such as the sacks, onto the member to elongate the skin that is already there behind the head. The result is a member that looks and acts as though it is uncircumcised, but the jury is still out on whether it really improves member sensation. That’s why many doctors recommend the non-surgical options.

Non-surgical options usually include some sort of traction device or weighted device that pulls the skin down over the head. It works very slowly. During the time a man is using it, the body generates new cells that allow the skin to be pulled farther down over the head. Eventually, a man might have enough skin to cover the head and make it appear that he still has his natural prepuce. The level of patience and dedication must be very strong for a man to make this a viable option.

What does it all mean for manhood sensitivity?

For most men, the heightened manhood sensitivity that comes from having a prepuce stems from the fact that the prepuce covers the head, thus protecting it from the harsh environment around it. A man with an uncircumcised member has that gentle layer of protection between the most sensitive part of his member and the underwear, trousers, and any other material that might come into contact with it. The result is an area much more sensitive to touch.

How does a prepuce restoration help? Over time, the skin that covers the head allows it to lose some of the �toughness’ it developed over the years of being touched by underwear and other materials. This, in turn, allows the member sensation to come back, making a man much more sensitive. Other options to make this happen do exist in the form of an artificial prepuce, which is simply the use of a very soft, pliable cover that attaches to the head of the member with gentle pressure (such as a Velcro closure), which keeps the head encased in a warm, slightly moist environment that mimics what a real prepuce would do.

When a man is considering prepuce restoration, he should always do thorough research and consult with his doctor about ways to regain manhood sensitivity. He should also make good use of a daily male organ health crme (health professionals recommend Man 1 Man Oil, which is clinically proven mild and safe for skin). A crme that contains Shea butter and vitamin E can go a long way toward keeping skin smooth and supple, ready for the lightest touch. A crme that contains L-carnitine can also be helpful in preventing peripheral nerve damage that can result from excessive handling, exposure to environmental issues and much more.

When Male Organ Odor Is Due To Tmau

Coupling is both a sensual and sensory experience, so it’s not unusual for a man to want to make sure nothing about him is offensive to a partner’s senses. Unfortunately, in all too many cases, a man is prone to carrying a certain level of male organ odor around with him. When that odor level is high, it can be a significant turn-off to bedmates. In most cases, paying proper attention to basic male organ health and hygiene can prevent or treat off-putting male organ odor. But there are some instances in which more extensive steps may need to be taken. Such is the case when that male organ odor is due to a condition known as TMAU.

About TMAU

TMAU is short for trimethylaminuria, a metabolic disorder often called �fish odor syndrome� or �fish malodor syndrome.� While TMAU is much more often found in women, it can occur in men.

It’s actually surprising that TMAU is more common in women, for the disorder is a genetic condition and the likelihood of a man inheriting it is as equal as it is for a woman. In both cases, if both of a person’s parents carry the gene, there is a 25% chance that a child will have TMAU. It’s theorized that the reason more women seem to have TMAU is because something exacerbates the TMAU to make it more pronounced. Many theories believe it is the higher levels of estrogen in women that �worsens� the condition. Similarly, it’s thought that perhaps men with symptomatic TMAU have both the genes and higher levels of estrogen than the general male population has.

How it works

Whatever the reason for the variation between genders, TMAU works in the same way. Trimethylamine is an organic compound used in food digestion, during which it is converted into trimethylamine oxide. When this conversion does not occur, trimethylamine hangs out in the body until it is disposed of through sweat, breath and urine. When unconverted, trimethylamine has a very strong fishy odor, which becomes pronounced when it leaves the body.

In men, this can create a strong body odor, and an especially strong male organ odor, due to the heavy sweating common in the male member area as well as to deposits of urine which remain on the member after urination.

TMAU is entirely benign, but the intense odor associated with it can cause many men to feel embarrassed or nervous. Men who suspect their male organ odor (or other body odor) may be due to TMAU should ask their doctor for what is called a �choline load� test.

TMAU does not have a cure, but many men find that dietary changes can help reduce the odor. This involves avoiding foods such as eggs, beans, fish, and red meat which are associated with TMAU. (Working with a nutritionist is advised if this route is taken.)

Some men have found antibiotics somewhat helpful in fighting TMAU, and at least one study found that incorporating charcoal and copper chlorophyllin supplements produced positive results for many participants.

Male organ odor caused by TMAU may also lessen if other sources of manhood odor are attacked, and using an exceptional member health crme (health professionals recommend Man1 Man Oil, which is clinically proven mild and safe for skin) may help with this. The best crme will therefore be one with vitamin A, with anti-bacterial properties which attack one of the primary sources of everyday persistent male organ odor. The more resilient the manhood skin, the better able it will be to resist odor as well. For that reason, the crme should also include alpha lipoic acid, an antioxidant that fights the free radicals that can lead to unwanted oxidative stress.

How To Tell A Partner About Manhood Infections

Every man wants to avoid a manhood infection, and that’s part of the reason most men adhere to very good male organ care regimens. Avoiding socially shared diseases is one of the main reasons a man uses a barrier protection at each and every encounter (or if he doesn’t, he knows he should!). But sometimes, despite a man’s best efforts, he could wind up with a manhood infection. Some of these can be easily treated, but others will be with him for life, and can dramatically change how he lives his life in the future.

One of the most unpleasant parts of a manhood infection is having to tell former and current partners about the condition. These individuals deserve to know about what is going on so they can get themselves tested and take other steps to protect their own health. But for the person who has to tell them, breaking the news is definitely not an easy matter.

Here are some tips to help the man who must tell a former or current partner about socially shared diseases that he might have shared with them.

1.Be absolutely sure. Don’t tell them just on a hunch that a disease might be present. Have the tests, then have the results in hand when making that call.

2.Call or tell them in person. Though it might be tempting to send an email, it’s always best to tell them in person, if possible, so they can ask questions immediately. If in-person won’t work, call them. And if that won’t work, try texting them with a request to talk � now.

3.Don’t lay blame. Odds are that if a man has a socially shared disease, he’s not entirely sure where it came from. If there was only one partner, then obviously it could be clear � but even so, never lay blame on another person when calling to tell them the news. The idea is to get them concerned for their health and get them to get tested, not to make them feel defensive or ashamed.

4.Get the word out fast. Not only do they need to know, they need to know yesterday � so make sure to get the word to them as soon as possible. This can help them get the care they need much sooner, and can prevent them from passing it on to someone else if it turns out they do have the socially shared disease.

5.Come prepared with answers. There will be many questions, of course, and most of them need to be answered by their doctor. But a man might be able to provide some insight to the partner when he mentions the disease. For instance, a guy who has been diagnosed with gonorrhea can reassure their partner that it can be cured, as long as they get to the doctor quickly and take the medication as directed.

6.Be ready for emotion. The very idea of a socially shared disease can make someone feel anxious, depressed, angry, horrified, ashamed, defensive and many other emotions � sometimes all at once! And when that emotion hits, they are likely to vent on the most convenient target, which happens to be the guy who just called them with the bad news. So be prepared to listen to what they have to say yet stay calm and cool, even when dealing with that tidal wave of emotion.

Finally, a man should take every step possible to make sure he never has to make that kind of phone call or visit again. He can do this by practicing even better male organ care than he has in the past, including always wrapping up the member when it’s time to get busy.

mix of exercises to achieve much better body fitness

People who want to work out usually focus on a number of things they think will suit them best. Crossfit Petitenget is one of the first solutions you can turn to where you will mix a number of different techniques so you can achieve the goal you set out for. This is where you will also learn about the best facility you can use for Bali Crossfit.

People who go to the gym usually turn to lifting weights so they can achieve the goal they set out for. This goal is not the same each time. Some want to burn the extra fat and they think it will help. Others want to increase their muscle strength, while some are looking for better stamina. No matter what you seek, one activity is not the answer for it.

If you want to achieve the goal you set out for, you will need to focus on a number of different solutions to help you get the results you are interested in. Lifting weights is one of the activities you can turn to for it since it will have a beneficial effect on your body, as long as it is done with the help and under the supervision of a trained expert.

But weights are not the only things you can lift when you want to work out. If you want to see some real results, you can focus on using your own body for the exercises you seek. You can do some push-ups, you can try some pull-ups, sit-ups as well as a range of other exercises that do not imply any other gear and they will improve your body fitness.

Oxygen is very important during a workout because without it you will not be able to perform. Aerobic exercises are also known as cardio and these are meant to help you meet the demands of your body as the intensity of the workout is going to increase. These are the ones that will help you avoid fainting or suffering any injury during the exercises.

Crossfit Petitenget is one of the first options you can turn to when it comes to mixing things up. This is a regimen that combines all the types of exercises you have read about here and more so you can get the results you had in mind sooner than you might expect. Being stuck on a single solution is not the answer and you will not see results.

If you want to achieve the goal you set out for, regardless of what it is, you have to work with trainers who can guide you through the process. There are quite a few options you can turn to for this, but you must focus on Bali Crossfit from the start. If you are not willing to cut any corners with this, you should visit the site of fortitudebali.com and you will be able to learn how you can change your life and where you will find the experts to guide you through it.

Can A Male Organ Rash Be Due To A Headache

Lots of men develop a male organ rash at some point in their lives. In most cases, the male organ rash comes quickly and leaves quickly. In other cases, it can hang around for a long time. Since member health is something on the minds of most men, and because a rash can be a deterrent to sensual activity if a partner is made uncomfortable by the presence of one, most men want to determine the cause of any rash so they know what steps to take to treat it.

Is it jock itch? A sign of a social disease? A reaction to chemicals in soap or laundry detergent? It can be any of these things � but can it also be due to a simple headache? The answer is yes � and no.

Not the headache, per se

Can a headache directly cause a male organ rash? The answer is no. The stress or physical complications that result in the headache do not also cause a rash to burst forth on or around the member. But if a guy experiences headaches � or fever, pains, etc. � regularly and therefore treats these ailments with certain medications, it is possible that those medications may bring about an unwanted male organ rash.

The treatment

Many people with headaches, arthritis, fever or similar ailments take non-steroidal anti-inflammatories (NSAIDs) to manage these issues. Although the name NSAIDs sounds strange, they are among the most common tablets around. That’s because this class of medication includes the common everyday aspirin, as well as such popular tablets as ibuprofen and naproxen.

For most people, popping a few aspirin every now and then is not a big deal at all. But some people have what is called a fixed tablet eruption (FDE) in response to NSAIDs. This is basically an allergic reaction, and it doesn’t occur just to NSAIDs. Many other classes of tablets, including some antibiotics and sedatives, may provoke an FDE in a person who is allergic to them.

FDE

So what is an FDE? It’s a lesion that appears in response to a tablet, typically between 30 minutes and 8 hours after taking it. The lesion is circular or oval in shape, often reddish or brownish in coloration. There may also be a blister with the lesion. Sometimes, more than one lesion will appear, especially if taking several tablets at once. When there is more than one lesion, they can have a very rash-like appearance.

FDEs can show up anywhere on the body, including the male organ. Often the rash they create is itchy or overly tender. Many men find that the presence of the lesions on the manhood makes sensual activity less enjoyable and may prefer to refrain from it until the lesions have cleared up. Some doctors believe FDEs can be passed on, so wearing protection during coupling when an FDE is present is recommended.

FDA lesions go away after a few days; however, if a guy continues to use the medication that causes the eruption, they are likely to come back. Consulting with a doctor about possible alternative medications is advised.

When treating a headache results in a male organ rash, there may be discomfort on the member. Making use of a first rate member health crme (health professionals recommend Man1 Man Oil, which is clinically proven mild and safe for skin) can help. If the lesion is �open� and oozing, avoid applying the crme. But if it is �closed,� applying a crme with a combination of moisturizers, such as Shea butter and vitamin E, can help soothe the damaged skin and encourage greater healing. It also helps if the crme includes vitamin D, often called the miracle vitamin because of its propensity to enhance health.

Best Steps For A Healthy Manhood

When women go out to a spa, they seem to have an incredibly good time. They leave with their skin glowing, their attitude relaxed and easy, and their smile much bigger than it was when they got there. All that pampering obviously makes an enormous difference for her, both physically and mentally. So why can’t a man engage in some spa-like manhood care that provides him with the same enjoyable benefits?

Sure, there isn’t a spa that caters to the member and provides it with a variety of massages, wraps, oils, lotions and potions. But a guy can create his own spa experience at home and enjoy every moment of it while he ensures his member is in top-notch shape and ready for service.

Before the festivities begin, a guy should put on some good, relaxing music and dim the lights to a level that makes him more relaxed. That’s the whole point of this exercise � to relax and to provide for a healthy manhood at the same time.

Start with the cleansing

A clean manhood is a healthy manhood. Start out just like a spa would, by getting every little bit of the body as clean as a whistle. This doesn’t just mean jumping into the normal shower routine, however. A member spa day means running a bath full of warm water and climbing in for a good ten minutes or so, using the hands and a mild cleanser to scrub everywhere, paying careful attention to the male organ and surrounding area. A guy should make sure every last inch is gently but thoroughly cleaned.

Get rid of dead skin cells

Ever wonder how women get that glowing skin after their trip to the spa? That’s the magic of exfoliation, which gets rid of the dead skin cells that tend to make skin look dull and tired. A man can exfoliate his member right there in the tub, using a soft cloth. Consider it polishing the member to make it look and feel more lively. Simply grip the member with the cloth in hand, then rub gently until it feels cleaner than ever.

Get plenty of moisturization

Climb out of the tub and use a soft towel to pat the skin dry. Don’t rub it, as this can be too rough and can undo all that hard work thus far. Use an all-natural moisturizer on the member, rubbing it in gently with the fingertips while the skin is still slightly damp, so as to lock in even more moisture. Look for an all-natural product that contains plenty of Shea butter for the best results.

Give it a little workout

At this point, a man might be very tempted to do what comes naturally when he’s rubbing his manhood, especially now that it is so clean and smooth. And why not? Self-pleasuring is a great way to keep up with good manhood care. Science has even shown, over and over through a multitude of studies, that regular seed release can help a man avoid serious health issues, such as prostate cancer. So take a moment of this spa day to really enjoy all those health benefits.

Get a good dose of nutrients

As the spa days draws to a close, a man wants a big finish. He can achieve that by applying a top-notch, luxurious male organ health crme (health professionals recommend Man 1 Man Oil, which is clinically proven mild and safe for skin). A crme that contains vitamin A to fight odor, vitamin C and D for protective properties and vitamin E for softness is a great idea. A guy can also look to L-carnitine to fight against peripheral nerve damage and alpha lipoic acid to fight against the signs of aging. Wrap it all up in a luxurious Shea butter base and a guy can breathe a sigh of happiness at the end of his healthy manhood spa day.

Competitive Results From Crossfit

The competitive nature of humans is one of the first and most important things that drive them to achieve results. If you are looking for a way to achieve better body fitness in a short time, Crossfit Bali is the answer you seek. One of the main reasons for this comes from the competition it seeds between the people who engage in Crossfit Seminyak.

When two people engage in the same activity side by side, each of them is going to try to be better than the other. It is in our blood and it is one of the forces driving us to the success we are after. Engaging in a simple competition is one of the main reasons why people can achieve better results than if they would do the same thing on their own.

This is a principle you can apply in just about any activity and it is going to deliver results. If you want to do the same thing when it comes to your workouts, you will be able to improve your performance just because you want to do better than the person next to you. Since this is the case, why not start a program that will allow you to achieve it?

There are quite a few solutions you will find out there, but Crossfit Bali is the one that will nurture the competition between people to stimulate them for better results. Each time you will engage in this program, you will have a chart that will show you the successes you have enjoyed over time as well as what you should get out of each workout.

The same chart focuses on other people who are included in the same program. This will show the rest the progress they have made over time, the results they must get out of the current workout as well as the goal they set out for in the end. Scaling the results is going to help each person see how achievable those results will be in the long run.

When you see people who are not as fit as you or do not have the same background achieve better results than you have, this is going to push you towards a much better outcome. You must be better than the rest and you must be able to achieve the fitness you had in mind. This is the way people must think when they will join Crossfit Seminyak.

If you want to engage in this sort of activities for your own benefit, you must work with trained experts to show you the right path towards the results and they will also nurture your competitive side in a proper manner. If you want to find the gyms that will meet your demands, you should take the time to visit the site of fortitudebali.com. This is the source you can rely on for top of the line training and real results that you will obtain based on your competitiveness.

When Do You Need An Optometrist

An optometrist is different from an ophthalmologist as an optometrist is trained to diagnose the eyes and recommend glasses, contact lens or Lasik. An ophthalmologist performs surgeries on the eyes. When you get a dry eye, eye pain, sudden vision loss, star bursts or similar problems you need to consult with an optometrist immediately. To avoid sudden vision loss or serious damage to your eyes, you should visit the optometrist on a schedule provided by the optometrist. This article will cover when and why you need an optometrist in Albuquerque.

Glaucoma in Family History

Glaucoma will destroy the optical nerves and is caused by fluid pressure built in the eye. This is the worst eye disorder, and glaucoma symptoms are very rare. If you have a family history of glaucoma and you are aged 40, you should consult an optometrist in Albuquerque.

Diabetic

Diabetes causes eye problems and both Type 1 & Type 2 diabetes impact the eye. If you are diabetic or pre-diabetic for over a year you should check your eyes with an optometrist. If your child has Type-1 diabetes, you need to check it immediately. Although diabetes practitioners suggest an eye check in their hospitals, it is very important to have your eyes checked by a trained optometrist.

Over 35

You may have a bright and clear vision even after 35, but chances are that eye diseases are at early stages and symptoms are not detected. You could read well and see things clear, but you still have to consult an optometrist and make sure you do not develop any eye diseases. It is recommended that you do a routine eye check at least once a year to protect your eyes from any future disease.

Other Eye Conditions

Eye diseases occur at all stages of life, which may be hereditary, lifestyle, a side effect of other health problems such as diabetes, etc. Eye injuries may happen accidentally in the workplace. People doing eye intensive jobs such as working in front of a computer, welders or working with precision tools may develop eye problems. Here is a list of eye problems that need to be consulted with an optometrist.

� Blur Eyes
� Dry Eyes
� Flashes or Floaters
� Eye pain
� Chemical burn
� Sudden vision loss
� �Cobwebs� in vision
� Foreign body in eye(s)
� Red, itchy eyes

While consulting with eye doctors in Albuquerque make sure that they have graduated from a good university, have the expertise and have the latest equipment. Do not settle for cheap optometrists in Albuquerque as your eye is the window to the world.